Feb 292012

Compile Nmap for Android

This tutorial will show you how to compile the latest version of Nmap for your Android device starting with a standard Ubuntu install. I will offer instructions on how to obtain two versions of compiler that I’ve had success compiling software for Android. I will show the Android NDK and the free Lite ARM compiler from Mentor (formally Code Sorcery). Hopefully you can take this instruction to try and compile other tools for Android.

The build environment and instructions come from an auditor with strong technical skills but somebody who is not a programmer or developer so hopefully my view point can help other individuals who are also not developers. I’ve built cross-compile environments for Openwrt, Nokia Maemo, Familiar Linux (iPaq) in the past but always from piecing together instructions from multiple Google queries and forum searches. I’m creating this document so it will be helpful for somebody’s future Google search.

After the Ubuntu installation here are ALL the steps you can/should take to compile Nmap for Android. I like vim as my command-line editor. You can use which ever editor you prefer.

Here is a quick rundown of what is done. Everything (almost) is done from a terminal window.

  1. I update all Ubuntu software and install all files and tools to compile software on Ubuntu
  2. I download the software required to compile for Android
  3. Setup the environment to compile for Android
  4. I create a source folder in the home directory for downloading and compiling the software.
  5. Download the software, patch, configure, and compile.
  6. Install Android SDK Platform Tools to copy files to your phone
  7. Copy files to the phone and set PATH environment variable.

$sudo -s
#apt-get update
#apt-get upgrade
#apt-get install vim build-essential
#cd /usr/local
#wget https://sourcery.mentor.com/sgpp/lite/arm/portal/package9728/public/arm-none-linux-gnueabi/arm-2011.09-70-arm-none-linux-gnueabi-i686-pc-linux-gnu.tar.bz2
#tar jxf arm-2011.09-70-arm-none-linux-gnueabi-i686-pc-linux-gnu.tar.bz2
#rm arm-2011.09-70-arm-none-linux-gnueabi-i686-pc-linux-gnu.tar.bz2

Ubuntu is now current with the tools required to compile for Android. Now to create a simple shell script to setup the environment variables for cross compiling.

$mkdir ~/source
$cd ~/source
$vim setenv.sh

Include the following information in setenv.sh. This script will set the environment to allow you to use the Android / ARM compiler instead of the native compiler.

export ac_cv_linux_vers=2
export CC=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/bin/arm-none-linux-gnueabi-gcc
export GCC=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/bin/arm-none-linux-gnueabi-gcc
export CXX=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/bin/arm-none-linux-gnueabi-g++
export CPP=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/bin/arm-none-linux-gnueabi-cpp
export LD=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/bin/arm-none-linux-gnueabi-ld
export AR=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/bin/arm-none-linux-gnueabi-ar
export AS=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/bin/arm-none-linux-gnueabi-as
export NM=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/bin/arm-none-linux-gnueabi-nm
export RANLIB=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/arm-none-linux-gnueabi/bin/ranlib
export CC1=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/libexec/gcc/arm-none-linux-gnueabi/4.6.1/cc1
export PATH=/usr/local/arm-2011.09/bin:/usr/local/arm-2011.09/:/usr/local/arm-2011.09/lib:/usr/local/arm-2011.09/libexec/gcc/arm-none-linux-gnueabi/4.6.1:$PATH
export LDFLAGS=”-static”
export CFLAGS=”-Os -s”

$source setenv.sh
$wget http://nmap.org/dist/nmap-5.61TEST4.tar.bz2
$tar jxf nmap-5.61TEST4.tar.bz2
$cd nmap-5.61TEST4

At this point you can configure and compile just Nmap. This will be without LUA library support (–without-liblua) which will disable all of the NSE scripts that have been created for Nmap as well as the additional command line tools ncat, ndiff, and nping.

$ ./configure --host=arm-linux-androideabi --without-zenmap --without-liblua --without-nping --without-ndiff --without-ncat --with-libpcap=internal --with-pcap=linux --enable-static --prefix=/data/opt

If you want to include these scripts and tools you will have to modify the Nmap source code. If you try to compile with LUA support you will get this error.

strict-aliasing -DLUA_USE_POSIX -DLUA_USE_DLOPEN -c -o llex.o llex.c
llex.c: In function ‘trydecpoint’:
llex.c:181: error: ‘struct lconv’ has no member named ‘decimal_point’
make[1]: *** [llex.o] Error 1
make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/edge/source/nmap-5.51/liblua’
make: *** [lua_build] Error 2

If you try to compile without LUA but want nping you get this error.

In file included from ArgParser.cc:94:
nping.h:116:26: error: sysexits.h: No such file or directory
make[3]: *** [ArgParser.o] Error 1
make[3]: Leaving directory `/home/edge/source/nmap-5.51/nping’
make[2]: *** [all] Error 2
make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/edge/source/nmap-5.51/nping’
make[1]: *** [build-nping] Error 2
make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/edge/source/nmap-5.51′
make: *** [all] Error 2

Vlatko Kosturjak <kost () linux hr> comes to the rescue with his patch that allows you to compile with LUA and nping. I’m hosting the patch from my site just in case it is removed from the forums where he posted it.

$cd ~/source/ nmap-5.61TEST4
$mkdir android
$wget http://www.jedge.com/code/nmap.android.patches.diff -O android/ nmap.android.patches.diff
$patch -N -p1 &lt; android/nmap.android.patches.diff
$ ./configure --host=arm-linux-androideabi --without-zenmap --with-liblua=included --with-libpcap=internal --with-pcap=linux --enable-static --prefix=/data/opt
$sudo make install

One my phone I created the directory opt in the data directory where I install all of my tools (/data/opt). That is why you see –prefix set to /data/opt. You can set it to whatever directory you want but remember I use this directory throughout my instructions. When you “install” nmap on your Linux host system it will be placed in /data/opt/bin and /data/opt/share. I mirror these same directories on my Android phone.

I believe you can run nmap on a phone that has not been rooted by sticking the files in /data/data/<terminal_app_directory>/bin but I will not be discussing how to accomplish that or what pitfalls exist. My phone is already rooted and yours should be too if you want to be successful with this tutorial. Rooting your phone is outside the scope of this tutorial.
Install Android SDK and pushing files to the phone

One of the best ways to get files copied to your Android phone is to use the command ‘adb’ which is part of the platform-tools of the Android SDK. Below are the steps to obtain the SDK and use ‘adb’ to push the compiled nmap files to your phone.

$sudo –s
#apt-get install openjdk-7-jdk
#cd /usr/local
# wget http://dl.google.com/android/android-sdk_r16-linux.tgz
#tar android-sdk_r16-linux.tgz

This next step is the only part where you need a GUI. Running /usr/local/android-sdk-linux/tools/android will open up a window where you need to select Android SDK Platform Tools, deselect Android 4.0.x, and click Install 1 package… (See Screenshot below).

#android-sdk-linux/tools/android &amp;

Android SDK Manager

#export PATH=/usr/local/android-sdk-linux/platform-tools:$PATH
#adb devices

Output examples

List of devices attached
???????????? offline

Unplug your phone and plug it back in. You should see the following output.

List of devices attached
364247A74CE500FD device

#adb remount
#adb shell mkdir /data/opt
#adb chmod 755 /data/opt
#adb push /data/opt /data/opt

This will push the bin and share directories created on Ubuntu that were installed when you ran ‘make install’ from the Nmap directory. They will be pushed to the corresponding directory on the phone.
Running Nmap on your phone

I use BTEP (Better Terminal Emulator Pro) as my terminal of choice on my Android phone. The home directory is located in /data/data/com.magicandroidapps.bettertermpro/home
I also use Root Explorer to traverse the file structure and open up files for editing.

All applications I compile for Android I place in my /data/opt directory and I modify .profile of BTEP to include the executable directory in my PATH (/data/opt/bin). I also include /data/opt/lib in LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

Use Root Explorer and traverse to the home directory of BTEP

Long press .profile to bring up this menu and choose Open With


Open with Text Editor


Edit .profile PATH and LD_LIBRARY_PATH


Hit your phones menu but and Save and Exit

To have your changes take effect you can close and reopen BTEP or run #source .profile from the command line.

You can now run Nmap from your Android phone. A program you successfully cross compiled yourself. These steps can be modified to compile other software for your phone. Your mileage will vary with other software. Especially since Android uses a stripped down libc called Bionic which will prevent software from compiling or running correctly.


Special Thanks to Vlatko Kosturjak <kost () linux hr> http://k0st.wordpress.com/ who got nmap to compile with liblua support as well as nping to compile.



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